Alkene-Directed, Nickel-Catalyzed Coupling Reactions of Alkynes

Journal of the American Chemical Society 126(13), 4130-4131, DOI: 10.1021/ja0491735

In alkene-directed, nickel-catalyzed coupling reactions of 1,3-enynes with aldehydes and epoxides, the conjugated alkene dramatically enhances reactivity and uniformly directs regioselectivity, independent of the nature of the other alkyne substituent (aryl, alkyl (1°, 2°, 3°)) or the degree of alkene substitution (mono-, di-, tri-, and tetrasubstituted). These observations are best explained by a temporary interaction between the alkene and the transition metal center during the regioselectivity-determining step. The highly substituted 1,3-diene products are useful in organic synthesis and, in conjunction with a Rh-catalyzed, site-selective hydrogenation, afford allylic and homoallylic alcohols that previously could not be prepared in high regioselectivity (or at all) with related Ni-catalyzed alkyne coupling reactions.